Classifications of Speech Act..by John Searle
All the speech acts happens in a certain context: Depending upon the speech context, the meaning changes, so context is decisive.
- DECLARATIONS: Speaker changes /creates a new world by the utterance. (Eg: Priest declares – I pronounce you are husband and wife … In an organization… Manager declares – You are promoted)
- REPRESENTATIVES: Speaker utterances about what he/she believes to be TRUE or FALSE. (Eg: Speaker says – Earth is flat, Ball is round )
- EXPRESSIVES: Speaker expresses the psychological state like pain, pleasure, joy or sorrow (Eg: we are celebrating my son’s 1st birthday happily, I regret that I could not reach on time)
- DIRECTIVES: Speaker directs others to get something done like command, order, suggestion, requests.. (Eg: Stand outside of the class for not doing the homework, Please pass the book)