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Classifications of Speech Act..by John Searle

https://isacnewton.wordpress.com/2017/03/11/what-is-a-speech-act/

All the speech acts happens in a certain context: Depending upon the speech context, the meaning changes, so context is decisive.

  1. DECLARATIONS: Speaker changes /creates a new world by the utterance. (Eg: Priest declares – I pronounce you are husband and wife … In an organization… Manager declares – You are promoted)
  2. REPRESENTATIVES: Speaker utterances about what he/she Ā believes to be TRUE or FALSE. (Eg: Speaker says – Earth is flat, Ball is round )
  3. EXPRESSIVES: Speaker expresses the psychological state like pain, pleasure, joy or sorrow (Eg: we are celebrating my son’s 1st birthday happily, I regret that I could not reach on time)
  4. DIRECTIVES: Speaker directs others to get something done like command, order, suggestion, requests.. (Eg: Stand outside of the class for not doing the homework, Please pass the book)
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One thought on “Classifications of Speech Act..by John Searle

  1. Pingback: Creating our worlds through words | Leadership Positive

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